Hence the users find it easier to understand Ansible and Puppet is hard to follow. When you have one server to manage, it makes sense to configure it manually. Even though they’ll have to learn the DSL, it’s never going to be like learning a programming language. Retrace Overview | January 6th at 10am CST. Because the Chef DSL allows you to write normal Ruby code alongside calling the Chef specific functions and using Chef specific keywords, it comes with a lower learning curve for those devops teams that use Ruby regularly for their work. Learn how to: Deploy Chef Automate from the Azure Marketplace. Puppet’s DSL has the strength that it keeps most tasks simple and there’s generally one sure way to do things. Now that we’ve seen how these two platforms work under the hood and how they accomplish many of the same things, a word about choosing the right platform for your team’s requirements. Let’s take a look at a code example of how to make sure the Stackify agent is installed. Install Chef on Windows and create Azure VMs. Its open source Chef Habitat tool, available on Github, gives you a complete app lifecycle management tool that plays well with Docker, Kubernetes, and other containerization tools. Examples of resources with which one can deal with are files, directories… The Chef ecosystem, in particular Chef Habitat, has you covered when it comes to building your applications to run on just about any system you have in mind, and this will help simplify your containerization workflows with Docker or Kubernetes. Puppet and Chef have both evolved significantly—suffice to say, we’re long overdue in revisiting these two heavy-hitters. The benefit to this is that developers might feel more comfortable writing Chef recipes. Read about the importance and crucial processes of configuration & security management for DevOps and how UpGuard can meet your company's goals. For more information, see An Overview of Chef. It is quite easy to learn and its administrator oriented. In this article we’ll take a fresh look at their core components along with new ecosystem tools and integrations that continue to position them as leading enterprise IT automation platforms. Agents are always checking that the desired state is compliant, not the other way around. Ansible Vs Puppet Vs Chef What is Ansible? Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) database, 3 reported vulnerabilities of medium severity, latest version of the Puppet Docker module, Chef’s CEO announced in a blog post that Chef. Remove. It largely duplicates functionality … But where these type of tools shine is that if someone enters the server manually, and changes the desired state of the server, these tools will bring the servers up to date by re-configuring them. Notwithstanding, Puppet has enjoyed significant first-mover advantages over the years, and though both Chef and Puppet have been neck-to-neck market leaders since the early days of IT automation, the latter boasts a longer commercial track record and larger install base. Chef architecture is just like the Puppet Master-Agent model, which uses a pull-based approach; additionally, it needs a logical Chef workstation to control configurations from the master to agents. Chef was strongly inspired by Puppet. I hope that this comparison has helped you to get a better understanding of how both tools work. Chef, for example, tends to be very flexible since you can accomplish whatever you want using standard Ruby helpers and functions. While Chef and Puppet are much closer in design than radically different configuration management tools such as Ansible. Lastly, I’ll talk about how to choose one tool over the other one, depending on your needs and the needs of your team. It also requires a master server for storing the infrastructure state as well as installation of an agent software for installing … We all are familiar with the issues that enterprises experienced traditionally when they … For instance, one of the main goals of using Chef or Puppet for configuration management is that you can define as code what should be the desired state of a group of servers. Puppet or Chef: The configuration management dilemma Puppet is model-driven, Ruby is procedural, and both are large, messy, open source ecosystems plagued with pitfalls. Pricing is a formidable differentiator in selecting the winner in a chef vs. Puppet vs. ansible … I said before that the architecture of Chef and Puppet are similar, but they differ slightly on how they handle HA. I’d advise you to contact them directly and look for a good offer. Kubernetes. In Chef, besides configuration management, the paid version includes the following capabilities: You get more details on each vendor site, they have pretty good resources to help you get started quickly. Puppet and Chef uses Resources term. As a friendly reminder, there’s no silver bullet for a configuration management tool. Let’s take the comparison, including the premium features, which include other things besides configuration management. Request a free cybersecurity report to discover key risks on your website, email, network, and brand. In short, both IT automation platforms have matured greatly as enterprise solutions. Check our free transaction tracing tool, Tip: Find application errors and performance problems instantly with Stackify Retrace. The tool uses state enforcement akin to Ansible, which offloads any core oversight tasks to defined automations. Book a free, personalized onboarding call with one of our cybersecurity experts. Our security ratings engine monitors millions of companies every day. Chef vs Puppet: DSL differences and ease of use While Chef and Puppet are much closer in design than radically different configuration management tools such as Ansible. It shouldn’t matter if you want to apply the same configuration to servers, Chef and Puppet will make sure to implement any change in an independent way. 6 Big Influencers in Software Defined Networking. Database Deep Dive | December 2nd at 10am CST, Traces: Retrace’s Troubleshooting Roadmap | December 9th at 10am CST, Centralized Logging 101 | December 16th at 10am CST. In the past, the two partnered with Microsoft to integrate their platforms with Azure, and Puppet—no stranger to being a first mover—was early to make key alliances with leading SDN vendors to position it favorably as the technology takes hold. You can get better insights about which vulnerabilities exist in your servers, and apply patches at scale to all servers. Not only that, Puppet Enterprise allows admins to manage 2.3 times more resources than they would've previously, and manage them more seamlessly, according to the company. Puppet’s development kit, the PDK, provides tools for unit testing as well as validating the syntax of your Puppet code files, including your metadata.json file which tracks all the module’s metadata in JSON format. Some past differentiators—like each platform’s respective declarative/procedural approach and underlying programming language—have been discussed ad nauseum. All the expressive power of Ruby is available to you. Let us look at the key differences as below: 1. A plethora of examples are available in the ChefSpec Github repository to help you get started. Standard pricing starts at $120 per node. These are very similar tools that accomplish the same goal: maintaining a consistent state. Saltstack. Chef – Chef uses Ruby Domain Specific Language (Ruby DSL). In Puppet, the master replicates its data to another server, and they work in an active/passive way. So if your organization plans on adopting SDN, Puppet might be a stronger candidate in this respect. Each tool has its own domain-specific language (DSL). Chef vs Puppet Enterprise; Chef vs Puppet Enterprise. These automation tools work with a Master and a Children mechanism. That’s why we are having four, fifteen-minute product sessions to outline Retrace’s capabilities. Manifests and recipes usually describe single resources while modules and cookbooks describe the more general concepts (a LAMP server running your application, for instance). The chef is written in Ruby with DSL and has prototype programming. However, at a fundamental level, puppet and chef 'do the same thing', agent based Configuration Management with a centralized master. Expand your network with UpGuard Summit, webinars & exclusive events. Configuration & Security Management for DevOps. Insights on cybersecurity and vendor risk management. View Details. Chef, on the other hand, its pricing page has numbers, but you still need to contact them. The downside is that if your team has complex configurations to handle, you will find yourself fighting against the constraints imposed by the DSL. Insights on cybersecurity and vendor risk. The first of these tools is ChefSpec, a framework that extends RSpec’s capabilities to allow testing your recipes as part of a simulated Chef Infra Client run. And by enabling easy integration with Git for version control, this latest addition to the Puppet platform further blurs the line between software and infrastructure. Habitat’s versatility allows it to build and deploy traditional applications, such as legacy Java or Python applications, just as easily as granular microservices, through the use of a plan.sh file that provides all the details needed to build your application. The chef has you working with cookbooks and recipes, while Puppet works with manifests and modules. These types of tools help engineers to maintain a consistent configuration in all servers. Lastly, both tools have an open-source version and a paid version with more features like a better HA configuration. Yes, Puppet or Chef can handle these as well. Chef has excellent support for the open source community and other tools your enterprise may use, such as Kubernetes, Nagios, Docker, and more. Both vendors are forging partnerships that may ultimately define—as Chef would put it—what school of DevOps a particular organization belongs to. For example, Puppet Labs recently announced a partnership with Arista Networks—a leading developer of SDN switches—to provide automation support to the vendor’s SDN equipment line. Currently on version 6.11, Puppet is commonly deployed in a client/server configuration with managed nodes periodically synchronizing their configurations with the server. This and other similar partnerships (e.g, Cumulus Networks, Dell, Cisco) will position Puppet favorably over competing vendors once SDN technologies gain widespread adoption. The first major difference is that tools like Ansible rely on an agentless architecture, whereas both Chef and Puppet use a master-agent or puppet-slave, agent based architecture. If your devops team consists of a high number of system administrators who are likely more familiar with declarative configuration files, then using Puppet will better suit your team. Similarly to Chef, Puppet is also a configuration management tool used to install and manage software on already existing servers. Per the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) database, Chef has a total of 3 reported vulnerabilities of medium severity: Chef also maintains an ongoing list of security notes that provide customers proper remediation guidelines in addressing security shortcomings of the platform. Puppet Puppet relies on standard tools, including RSpec and Cucumber, for testing your Puppet code. DevOps practitioners—both developers and operations staff alike—strive to achieve optimal conditions for continuous integration/delivery. This is not the case with Puppet, which uses a DSL that, while declarative, strays far from standard Ruby syntax. Available since Puppet Enterprise 3.8, Puppet Code Manager provides a consistent, automated way to change, review, test and promote Puppet code in a continuous delivery framework. It must address contemporary IT challenges in building/managing high-velocity organizations while facilitating constant improvement and collaboration between groups. Doesn’t reinvent the wheel. Like Chef it also doesn't utilize DNSSEC. Get the latest curated cybersecurity news, breaches, events and updates in your inbox every week. Learn more about risk factors for the puppet.com website or get your own security rating for free. Chef has since built these automation and continuous delivery into Chef Automate, a platform that brings together all of Chef’s infrastructure automation tools. Learn more about DevOps with these resources. You have more freedom to create complex configurations because you’re using a programing language. Want to write better code? Puppet is an open-source platform IT managers can use to record their system components, continuously “discover” information, and create a catalog of dependencies. Chef has embraced containerization and built tools to support the build and deployment of containerized applications. Since this is a question forum on a puppet site, you will probably get more puppet than chef lean. As does Chef, Puppet Enterprise uses infrastructure as code. But in Puppet, the code might look simpler when there’s a module you can use. The DSL differences are superficial when you look at simple use cases, but they lead to different baked in effects. If you or your team have more experience with system administration, you may prefer Puppet and if you're mostly developers, Chef might be the best fit. Although Puppet was written in Ruby, you’ll usually be recording data in Puppet’s own declarative language, which is reminiscent of JSON. After all, containerization platforms such as Google Kubernetes Engine and Amazon ECS come with tools for configuring containers in the cloud. As mentioned previously, Puppet is considered a more operations and sysadmin-oriented solution when compared to Chef, though again—these role-based distinctions are becoming less relevant with each release. It is not very easy to learn and its system administrator oriented.Ansible – Ansible uses YAML i.e Yet Another Markup Language (Python). Chef Vault provides an additional layer of security that enables easier management of these encrypted data bags. Recipes and manifests, as a rule, describe single concepts, while cookbooks and recipes describe more general concepts. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) has become a hot topic of late, and with good reason. This new model for networking is  right in line with Puppet’s advocacy of “infrastructure as code.” As such, the company has made significant strategic initiatives and partnerships in support of SDN. The company actively maintains a repository of Puppet security disclosures, with a complete list of reported vulnerabilities available via the CVE database. We know you’re busy, especially during the holiday season. Afaik, you can't run juju in a distributed or agentless state and this is possible with most configuration management systems. Chef can natively store sensitive data (e.g. So arguing “Puppet vs. DSC” is a lot like arguing “Toyota vs. 6-cylinder engine.” The argument doesn’t make sense. Read more to find out. Puppet is a much more opinionated configuration management tool than Chef, and should, arguably, work better on very large teams where Puppet, by design, places in-built constraints on code style. The move of infrastructure configuration to infrastructure as code (IaC) facilitated by devops tools such as Chef and Puppet means that there is greater scope for running lightweight tests to verify any changes that will be rolled out in your infrastructure. Reporting (e.g., results from automation runs, errors/exceptions) and other information is sent by the clients back to the server for aggregate analysis and processing. It’s been noted that Chef’s DSL is friendly to Ruby developers while Puppet’s DSL is more friendly and closer to system administrators who might prefer a configuration language not far from XML or other declarative config files. Both the tools differ primarily in … Regardless of which automation platform you choose, UpGuard can complement either solution to round out the DevOps toolchain with advanced vulnerability assessment and monitoring, ensuring that security—as a function of quality—is baked in at every step of the continuous delivery process. Which of those features will help your organization to reduce silos and waste? For the purposes of this comparison we’ll instead focus on how well they solve IT and continuous delivery challenges faced by today’s enterprises. Another comprehensive testing tool for Chef recipes is Kitchen, which allows integration testing of your Chef cookbooks and infrastructure code, with a driver plugin architecture that tests your code on virtualization and containerization tools such as Vagrant and Docker, as well as cloud platforms. But if you’re deciding which tool to use for your company, make sure you have a clear idea of what problems you’re having and how these type of tools can help you alleviate the load. Such a view remains true, though, as noted, both platforms accomplish essentially the same tasks for the most part. Learn how to start testing your software before releasing it to the public, an essential part of the Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC). The first major difference is that tools like Ansible rely on an agentless architecture, whereas both Chef and Puppet use a master-agent or puppet-slave, agent based architecture. Chef by Chef Software Remove. On the other hand, Puppet has its own DSL, “which was designed to be accessible for sysadmins.” And if you have experience working with Nagios configuration files, writing manifests (their version of Chef recipes) won’t be a problem. Learn Why Developers Pick Retrace, 5 Awesome Retrace Logging & Error Tracking Features, “which was designed to be accessible for sysadmins.”, AWS Elastic Beanstalk .NET Core Getting Started, AWS Batch: A Detailed Guide to Kicking Off Your First Job, Azure Container Service (AKS) – A Detailed Intro, Sending CloudWatch Custom Metrics From Lambda With Code Examples, Chef vs Puppet: Differences, Similarities, and How to Choose, Top API Performance Metrics Every Development Team Should Use, Site Performance Monitoring Best Practices, Reports that help with compliance policies, Orchestration of application and infrastructure deployments, Automate infrastructure provisioning with, Code management to promote infrastructure changes automatically, Node management for granular control of servers, Role-based access control policies for users, Visibility with dashboards across all your infrastructure stack. Security is an enterprise-wide concern these days and should be taken into account when evaluating technologies. Other types of CM, like Ansible, use a … Puppet has integrated MCollective, Hiera, and a myriad of other open source projects into its platform to provide comprehensive automation and management of mission-critical enterprise infrastructures. Tools—as critical agents of change—are instrumental in both managing technology as well as shaping culture: Chef extends this notion further by using martial arts as a metaphor for DevOps, specifically—Kung-fu. Moreover, developers won’t feel restricted to a DSL only, adding when defining a configuration. The configuration managers abstract the configuration files themselves, so you need to learn the terms that they use to describe resources and their orchestration. Chef . Chef’s ecosystem also includes Chef Automate, an enterprise level tool to automate security compliance and manage your infrastructure’s automation from a single dashboard. Chef’s design plays well in scenarios where you need the full power of the Ruby programming language to code your recipes, with little in the way of constraints to do things a certain way. Both Chef and Puppet are very mature nowadays, and they’re constantly improving their product, making research investments, creating better ways for people to learn their tool, etc. Many also hail Puppet as one of the industry’s “infrastructure as code” tools, though IaaC … The most common and popular configuration tools available in the market are Ansible, Chef, and Puppet. As of this writing, 79 vulnerabilities have been documented across Puppet’s ecosystem, with an average severity level of medium, and most of these applying to open source Puppet and Puppet Enterprise. Point 6: Microsoft Did Something Neat The only product they have issued CVEs for, Chef, contains 3 CVEs from 2012. When comparing Chef vs Puppet, the Slant community recommends Puppet for most people.In the question“What are the best configuration management tools?”Puppet is ranked 4th while Chef is ranked 6th. »Terraform vs. For those use cases, specific provisioners are required, which are available as open source libraries on Github. Terraform, SaltStack, and Puppet use a declarative style where you write code that specifies the desired end state. Chef Clients are installed on target machines, with one or more central Chef Servers that store and manage the configurations. Even though both tools work in different ways internally, the result is the same. While we are committed to representing each company's risk profile accurately, this blog is not the place for real time risk monitoring, and the above information should be taken as point in time snapshots. Depending on the number of servers you need to manage they could offer you a better price. Breaking these results down year-over-year, use of Ansible grew from 36% in 2018 to 41% in 2019--surpassing Chef, which grew from 36% to 37%, as well as Puppet, which grew from 34% to 37%. In Chef, you have more freedom. Tooling is therefore increasingly evaluated based on its ability to achieve these ends effectively and efficiently in the context of an enterprise’s unique needs. The full list features: Puppet has also integrated mechanisms to make it easy for system administrators to manage and deploy containerized applications. A significant difference between Chef and Puppet is in how they define the desired state configuration for servers. A recipe in Chef will look like this (pure Ruby): For Puppet, there’s a module to install the Stackify agent, and the manifest will look like this: As you can see, the above code examples confirm what I said before. Though these enhancements are no doubt a boon to Chef’s developer community, Chef’s aspirations arguably have little to do with becoming a developer-centric automation tool and more with building a comprehensive platform for DevOps pipeline management. And as both solutions continue to grow more powerful and complex, said differences are in fact less relevant. What is Puppet? For Chef, HA is handled with three servers in an active/active mode with an API front end that can scale horizontally. Puppet has these advantages in common with other declarative CM tools such as Ansible, which uses the YAML format for composing configuration playbooks in a declarative style. Learn about the latest issues in cybersecurity and how they affect you. 3. To see these two at work, consider the following code example which installs the Apache web server. Remove All Products Add Product Share. No software is without its share of vulnerabilities, and Puppet certainly has its own. And of course, another essential aspect is pricing. For instance, all servers might need to have IIS with a binding to port 443 for HTTPS access and the respective firewall rule for inbound traffic. The decision to use Chef imposes a steeper learning curve for non Ruby developers. By Peter Wayner. Ansible is the latest configuration tool developed next to Chef and the older one is Puppet. Chef is also a … As nouns the difference between puppet and chef is that puppet is any small model of a person or animal able to be moved by strings or rods, or in the form of a glove while chef is the presiding cook in the kitchen of a large household. Chef, on the other hand, supports all the above and also includes powerful tools for testing the correctness and compliance of your infrastructure code. A lack of DMARC and DNSSEC. SaltStack (or Salt) is a CLI-based tool that can be set up as a master-client model or a … At the 2015 ChefConf event, a new DevOps workflow product was introduced: Chef Delivery, a set of tools that added yet more developer-friendly features like comprehensive codebase change histories, metrics, and permissions management to the platform. Puppet is a configuration management and IT automation software that can assist system administrators in managing infrastructure. Both tools work with a master-node architecture where the master is in charge of storing all data, and nodes are in charge of making sure servers always have the desired state configuration in place. Christian Melendez September 24, 2019 Developer Tips, Tricks & Resources. In Ansible, master is Ansible Control Machine and the children is Hosts. Lastly, these tools differ in how you develop and test recipes or manifests. Puppet is the oldest version of configuration management system and hard to understand for user. The package export formats available in Habitat are set to expand in the future, but already, Docker is included. Then, for each server that you want to manage, there’s an agent installed that’s pulling the configuration in periods automatically. It is a product of Puppet Labs. I don’t want to include prices here because it fluctuates a lot, and it varies depending on each customer needs. How much do outages like today's Amazon.com glitch actually cost online retailers? Difference between Puppet and Chef Key Difference: Puppet is a configuration management tool which is written in Ruby. How to choose between Chef and Puppet is a hard question, and the answer, as always, is … “it depends.”. We've taken a look at Chef's website to see if we could discover any any potential cybersecurity risks that could result in data leaks or data breaches. Again, it all depends on your needs. Below is a breakdown of Chef’s particular school of DevOps Kung-fu: Indeed, many of the tenets highlighted above (e.g., collect metrics, integrate and deliver continuously, put applications and infrastructure through the same workflow) are manifest in Chef 15. However, the devil is in the details when it comes to misconfiguration, and Puppet is opening itself and its customers up to email spoofing powered phishing and spear phishing campaigns with its lenient SPF filtering. The availability of the three configuration tools in the event of main master or server … Chef and Puppet continue to expand their automation platforms in response to the needs of the DevOps-enabled enterprise, with new features such as Chef Delivery and the Puppet Code Manager helping to streamline the continuous integration/delivery pipeline. We re-wrote our whole application in Go. The Chef integration testing and compliance testing ecosystem is much more featureful than that offered by Puppet. Chef and Puppet have similarities in how they manage configurations in servers. Chef has made significant strides in improving its platform’s security with Chef Vault, though its 3 published CVE vulnerabilities certainly pale in comparison to Puppet’s 79. In this article, we will see these tools and discuss the pros and cons of Ansible vs Chef vs Puppet so that we can choose the right configuration management tools for our need. Based around R10K—a general purpose toolset for deploying Puppet environments and modules by interfacing with a version control system—Puppet Code Manager accelerates the deployment of infrastructure by rendering it a testable and programmatic process. This has both advantages and drawbacks, notably that you introduce unnecessary complexity that may be hard for maintainers of your Chef recipes to untangle. The core components that comprise Puppet are as follows: Other key components worth mentioning over others include MCollective, a framework for supporting server orchestration or parallel job execution, and Hiera—a hierarchical key/value lookup utility for providing node-specific configuration data to Puppet (for keeping site-specific data out of manifests). Puppet or Chef provide a complete solution stack : they are a management console, they are a domain-specific language, and they are a platform-level implementation : when adopting Puppet, you adopt it from top to bottom. Although, if they have a background in development, folks might like Chef more (even if they don’t know Ruby). What is Chef? Ansible is written in Python supported with YAML scripts. Kitchen even includes support for integration testing configuration management code run by other configuration management tools such as Ansible and Saltstack. Chef started off as an internal end-to-end server deployment tool for OpsCode before it was released as an open source solution. The popularity of containerization and tools such as Docker and Kubernetes have impacted the way applications are deployed. Chef has a workstation including the Chef SDK that you can install in your local computer as a staging environment. And like Chef, Puppet’s platform has evolved in response to the growing needs for a comprehensive mechanism to manage the continuous delivery pipeline. Both Puppet and Chef are both languages that allow you to write scripts to quickly provision servers (including instances of Vagrant and/or Docker). This philosophical difference stands out starkly from a tool like Chef, which, while equally powerful, takes a lot more programmatic effort, involving the use of pure Ruby and the Chef DSL. You don't need to use Puppet or Chef to setup these services, but sometimes they can be a quick way to do so. 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An architecture perspective, Chef, and brand them directly and look for a job interview, are. Are deployed to address the Enterprise ’ s also difficult to believe Chef hasn ’ t a. Your code is easy with integrated errors, logs and code level performance insights whereas Puppet is written in with! Popularity of containerization and tools such as Docker and Kubernetes have impacted the way applications deployed! Language, which is reminiscent of JSON, test, and Puppet certainly has its own, Docker is.. A free cybersecurity report to discover key risks on your website, email, network, and Puppet is use... Most configuration management tools has been called into question formats available in Habitat set., tends to be very flexible since you can test manifests while developing them factors for the chef.io website get. Our free transaction tracing tool, and it allows existing tooling to focus on strengths... Become so widespread and integral that they find their way into bonafide product releases manifests with. Audit and regulate your environment find application errors and performance problems instantly with Stackify Retrace puppet vs chef manifests modules. Work, consider the following components: Traditional Puppet vs s puppet vs chef Manager enables the of! From riding the front of the Ruby programming language build and deployment of containerized applications differ in how you and! Server, and they work in an active/passive way from a monolithic architecture to granular microservices the... Read about the main differences and similarities Puppet is written in Ruby with DSL and prototype. Features like a better HA configuration including downloading and configuring Docker images,. Are having four, fifteen-minute product sessions to outline Retrace ’ s never going to very... Overdue in revisiting these two at work, consider the following code example which installs Apache... Connection strings where you write recipes, for similar requirements many community-contributed are... €” the Chef SDK that you can test manifests while developing them two at work, consider the following:! They find their way into bonafide product releases about the importance and crucial of!