Aster novae-angliae), S. novi-belgii (syn. Amaryllis belladonna AGM Rosa (m) suited to especially milder coastal areas including the south and south west R. 'Roseraie de l'Hay' AGM, R. [Wild Edric] = 'Aushedge' AGM, Ageratina ligustrina (syn. Crambe cordifolia AGM Picea abies, P. omorika AGM (e) Cotinus coggygria AGM There are many varieties in this genus that make great evergreen shrubs for hedges. How to Grow in Coastal Environments. sy to grow in well-drained soil, like my … English Ivy (hedera helix) Now this choice really divides opinion, as its invasive nature means once … The absolute best of these is a species brought to the UK as a food plant by the Romans, but which fell out of favour in the 19th century after the development of modern forms of celery. Phlomis chrysophylla AGM, P. fruticosa AGM, P. italica, P. lanata (e) all Brachyglottis (e) repens AGM (e) Some however (like the ones listed below) will take everything in their stride and thrive. Centranthus ruber  One day they can be buffeted by a salt-laden wind and the next baked by a hot seaside sun. Ornamental grasses like this foxtail barley, Hordeum jubatum, have tough, flexible stems that can bend without breaking in winds. Solanum crispum 'Glasnevin' AGM Some examples of plants with these types of leaves are the camphor bush (Tarchonanthus), coastal silver oak (Brachylaena discolor), mock olive (Buddleia saligna) and the beach salvias. Pyracantha (n) Tulipa species Cestrum elegans (e), C. 'Newellii' AGM (e), C. parqui AGM (m) Hebe (e) Euphorbia characias AGM, E. griffithii My Top 10 Coastal Plants 1. Santolina chamaecyparissus (e), S. pinnata (e), S. rosmarinifolia (e) Pseudopanax lessonii 'Gold Splash' AGM (e) (v) They make fabulous flowers for dried arrangements, too. Coasts we're working on Find out about Plantlife's conservation work on the UK's coasts. Shrub roses including Rosa [Harlow Carr] = 'Aushouse', R. [Hyde Hall] = 'Ausbosky', Dregea sinensis Buddleja davidii, B. globosa AGM Gladiolus communis subsp. P. radiata (Monterey pine) (e) all Enjoy double the fruits on one tree, with a selection of grated duo fruit trees, ideal for smaller gardens. Sorbus aria (whitebeam) (n), S. aucuparia (rowan) (n) Plants for coastal areas Strong, often salt-laden winds present a challenge for planting in coastal gardens. Grevillea 'Canberra Gem' AGM (e), G. rosmarinifolia AGM (e) Drought-tolerant and tough-as-nails, portulaca (often called moss rose) is a perfect beach plant for salty soil. Sea campion, Silene uniflora, is a coastal native with charming white flowers and a low-growing habit. Coprosma cultivars (e) (m) We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Pittosporum tenuifolium (e) Escallonia 'Apple Blossom' AGM, E. rubra 'Crimson Spire' AGM, E. rubra var. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Prunus spinosa (n) The salt that the sea wind brings with it also means the trees are prone to dry out more quickly. Sea thrift is a tough perennial that can be found growing on the most exposed sea cliffs and shores. areas. Elaeagnus 'Quicksilver' Phillyrea latifolia (e) Sea Buckthorn – Hippophae rhamnoides A very attractive, tall, suckering shrub, found growing wild on sand dunes and coastal sites. Trees This familiar tree, one of the most prized conifers in the eastern U.S., grows to 40 feet or taller in sheltered areas but remains … It can also be cut back to get a second flush of flowers. AGM - The RHS Award of Garden Merit. Dierama pulcherrimum Sambucus racemosa Halimium (e) Ilex aquifolium (e) Ozothamnus ledifolius, O. rosmarinifolius (e)  Pittosporum tobira. Colutea arborescens (m) Small fl owers are sweetly fragrant. Prostanthera cuneata AGM (e), P. 'Poorinda Ballerina' (e) Iris germanica AGM, I. unguicularis AGM Fuchsia magellanica AGM, F. magellanica var. Euonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle) (n) (e) Bees and... 2. This … IDEAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR COASTAL PLANTS: Tough, leathery grey leaves that reflect the heat and often have a protective covering of hairs. Olearia macrodonta is a good choice for coastal gardens. Pulsatilla vulgaris AGM It will grow in almost any soil, but is particularly tolerant of very sandy, dry conditions. Jasminum parkeri Billardiera longiflora AGM  Genista lydia AGM, G. 'Porlock' AGM Helianthemum (e) (v) variegated foliage Stachys byzantine Aurinia saxatilis AGM LithopsLithops are unique, stone-like succulent plants with a very low watering requirement. cupaniana AGM This tall plant has lovely upright spikes of tiny purple flowers, often with bright stamen. C. 'Autumnal Blue' AGM (e), C. thrysiflorus var. Lavatera × clementii, L. maritima AGM, L. olbia Salvia × superba Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary). gracilis 'Versicolor' AGM (v), F. 'Mrs Popple' AGM Yuccas. Image: RHS/Graham Titchmarsh, RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Hydrangea anomala subsp. Finer and not as large growing as C. montana. Inkberry Bush (Ilex glabra 'Densa') Inkberry also is native to eastern North America, where it’s … Alcea rosea To establish plants successfully in exposed situations it is essential to form a windbreak or shelter belt against the prevailing coastal wind. Potentilla fruticosa Kniphofia Leucanthemum There are continuous sprays of salt, the plants have to deal with direct exposure to sunlight and coastal towns are generally significantly windier than areas inland. byzantinus AGM Lavandula including L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' AGM (e) Native plants natural to coastal areas (PDF, 1,504K) Grown from seed collected from coastal areas of Banks Peninsula, Christchuch and the Lyttelton Basin. × Halimiocistus (e) Here are some tips for dealing with salt on plants in coastal climates: Choose Salt-Tolerant Plants: Pick plant species that are less susceptible to salt damage. Little starry shades-of-pink flowers are a... Convolvulus - ground morning glory Select from cherry, apple, pear and plum bare-root trees. Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis 'Sunburst'  Eupatorium ligustrinum) (e) Sophora Sun King = 'Hilsop' AGM (e) Olearias are great seaside plants. These are part of the Agave family and super ea. Rosmarinus officinalis (e) Tamarix tetrandra, Argyrocytisus battandieri (pineapple broom) Sea coast gardening is challenging enough in full sun, but choosing wind- and salt-tolerant plants for the shade can be downright daunting. Very little of our original native coastal vegetation has survived. Saxifraga (n) Coastal hedging plants are more capable of withstanding the harsh conditions associated with maritime locations, such as strong, drying winds and salt sprays, than other, less resilient varieties. Coastal areas have their own particular climate: there is less rainfall than there is inland, the sun shines longer and the wind is usually stronger with powerful gusts. Veronica longifolia, V. spicata, Join Echium vulgare. Hot-toned kniphofias look especially good when grown alongside contrasting colours, like the steely blues and indigos of these eryngiums, echinops and perovskia. Syringa vulgaris, Berberis (n) Trees: Scot’s pine, hawthorn, holm oak, hornbeam, alder, Shrubs: sea buckthorn, berberis, elder, phlomis, privet-leaved ageratina, Perennials: erigeron, limonium, nepeta, agapanthus, libertia, pennisetum, Exclusive offer from gardnersworld.com shopping deals. Convolvulus cneorum (e) Follow our growing advice on ornamental grasses. Most shade plants didn’t evolve in unprotected, windy zones – they are used to the shelter of trees. In coastal gardens, there are usually little to no layers of fertile soil for plants to grow into. Nerine bowdenii AGM Use it to tumble over wall edges, plug crevices between paving stones or edge borders. There are thousands of different shrubs a gardener can choose from. Golden seaweeds highlight the shoreline, brightly coloured lichens add splashes of colour to rocks and cliffs, and the salt marshes are brought to life by the bright pink and purple of thrift and sea aster. Instead, most of these areas are made up of sandy soils that naturally struggle to … Chionodoxa Syringa × laciniata, S. meyeri 'Palibin' AGM, S. 'Red Pixie' The challenges of a coastal garden, including strong winds and fast-draining soils, can easily be turned to your advantage with the right plants. Fraxinus angustifolia, F. excelsior Providing windbreaks in the form of hedges or netting will widen the range of plants that can be grown. (e) evergreen Our selection of coastal hedging is well suited to exposed, seaside regions where the air is rich in salt. Pittosporum tobira can easily withstand direct, salt-laden winds. Often spotted growing naturally by the coast, mallows like this common mallow (Malva sylvestris) have lovely pink-purple flowers that are popular with pollinating insects. Cordyline australis (e) Hebe salicifolia (e) If you’re short of inspiration, Derek Jarman’s Prospect Cottage in Dungeness, Kent, is a shining example of what can be achieved in a coastal garden. Hypericum olympicum AGM Eryngium Clianthus puniceus (e) Planting Anemone × hybrida  Rhodanthemum hosmariense (m) Scrophularia auriculata Helianthemum cultivars Populus alba (white poplar) (n), P. tremula (common aspen) Hibiscus syriacus Viburnum × bodnantense cultivars, V. davidii (e), Azara microphylla AGM It blooms in a range of shades from white and magenta to yellow, orange, and red. Prunus spinosa, Abelia × grandiflora AGM Pseudowintera colorata (e) (v) Ilex × altaclerensis, I. aquifolium (e) These award-winning re-usable, organic beeswax and cotton wraps make an ideal gift for anyone wanting to be a little greener. Ribes odoratum, R. sanguineum Juniperus scopulorum cultivars (e) The pohutukawa, with its deep crimson flowers in December, would be New Zealand’s best known coastal plant. Trachycarpus fortunei AGM (e) You have the choice between evergreen and deciduous shrubs, variegated or golden foliage bushes, flowering shrubs or shrubs with berries from all over the world. Sophora molloyi 'Dragons Gold' (e) As they move, they bring a lovely, airy texture. Lonicera nitida (n), L. pileata (n) (e) Coastal and Windswept Locations – Coastal Plants - Page 1 - Burncoose Nurseries - plants by mail order direct to you Plants available to buy on this page include the following: AGAVE americana, AGAVE americana 'Variegata' ,ANTHEMIS cupaniana, ARMERIA maritima 'Splendens' ,ARTEMISIA 'Powis Castle', ASTELIA chathamica 'Silver Spear' ,BALLOTA pseudodictamnus, BERBERIS thunbergii … Griselinia littoralis AGM (e) Its open growth form and leathery, glossy-green leaves make it an ideal landscaping plant. Perfectly suited for small gardens, you'll save on three bare-root trees. Sambucus nigra (n), S. racemosa (n) Grasses by the coast are a natural choice and this very beautiful evergreen pheasant grass (previously called Stipa arundinacea) is a favourite. Dodonaea viscosa 'Purpurea' (e) (m) Podocarpus lawrencei, P. nivalis, P. salignus (e) Plants adapted to growing in coastal conditions often have tough, leathery or hairy leaves which protect the plant from salt damage and reduce moisture loss. Ceratostigma plumbaginoides AGM  The range includes mature, high quality shrubs, trees, perennials, coastal plants, hedging plants, seasonal bedding plants, exotic, rare and unusual plants like … Cynoglossum amabile AGM, C. nervosum Forsythia Cercis siliquastrum Acer pseudoplatanus (n) Romneya coulteri AGM Arthropodium candidum, A. cirratum Echium vulgare (viper’s bugloss) This tall plant has lovely upright spikes of tiny purple flowers, often … Rhamnus alaternus 'Argenteovariegata' AGM (e) (v) Not all types of shrubs, however, are … Quercus cerris (Turkey oak), Q. ilex AGM (holm oak) (e), Q. petraea (sessile oak), Q. robur (common oak) Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Crambe cordifolia is an even larger species equally suited to coastal gardens. Ceanothus including C. × delileanus 'Gloire de Versailles AGM, C. × pallidus 'Perle Rose' AGM, If you’re after a windbreak, this evergreen can be grown as a dense hedge to … Eryngiums are a great additions to wildlife-friendly coastal gardens – the architectural flowers are covered in pollinating insects from mid- to late-summer. Lychnis chaledonica AGM, L. coronaria, L. viscaria Once a barrier has been established, it may be possible to grow quite a wide range of coastal-tolerant plants. This coastal flower bears beautiful blooms on a low, creeping plant perfect for the front of the border or in window boxes, hanging baskets, and other containers in seaside gardens. Thuja plicata (e), Acer platanoides AGM (Norway maple) Spartium junceum The Royal Horticultural Society gives a great comprehensive list of plants that thrive in coastal areas. Acca sellowiana (pineapple guava) (m) Ginkgo biloba AGM Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens' AGM Crinum x powellii​ Gardening by the sea? Cupressus macrocarpa (e) (v) The third sub-category of coastal plant are those that grow in areas close to the coast, but not actually close enough to ever get wet. Phlox subulata The pink flowers resemble those of chives and appear in the summer months. Rosa rubiginosa, R. spinosissima (n) all If you’re ever unsure about what to plant, go for native species that are adapted to growing by the coast and will be able to handle whatever the weather throws at them. Elaeagnus × ebbingei AGM, E. pungens (e) Anthemis punctata subsp. Bupleurum fruticosum (n) (e) Coastal Hedge Plants. petiolaris AGM, H. seemannii (e)  Coastal garden plants Here we recommend plants for coastal gardens subject to strong, salt-laden winds and exposed gardens high above sea level with little in the way of protection. Erodium 222879/SC038262. Eccremocarpus scaber (Chilean glory flower)  Sedum spectabile AGM), H. telephium (syn. Erica arborea var. Strong, often salt-laden winds present a challenge for planting in coastal gardens. Olearia macrodonta is a good choice for coastal gardens. Get a pet portrait photography session for just £25! Lonicera nitida, L. pileata (e) Many New Zealand native plants thrive in coastal areas. Cissus striata (e) Berberis darwinii (e) Cotoneaster lacteus AGM, C. franchettii, C. simonsii (e) all Not to worry – there are a few beautiful plants … Eupatorium cannabinum Echinops A woody Mediterranean herb is perfect for a seaside spot, and this one is... 3. With narrow, silvery leaves and striking orange berries in autumn, remaining all winter, it has a long season of interest. Eight combinations of grasses and flowers. A plant’s Latin name can also give clues to its coastal origins, for example if the name contains ‘maritima’ or ‘littoralis’ (meaning ‘of the shore’). A windbreak can reduce wind on its leeward side for a distance of ten times its height. Dianthus alpinus cultivars Diascia barberae cultivars, D. vigilis AGM Famous British gardener Alan Titchmarsh says [2] it’s no use trying to create a normal garden as most standard lawns, fruit and veg plants and flowers won’t survive the tougher conditions of the coast. Check out some of our favourite coastal plants to grow. Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (syn. 020 3176 5800 Fine-leaved low-growing evergreen shrub that will blend happily in your native or coastal garden. Cortaderia selloana You can often spot the glaucous mounds of sea kale foliage on shingle beaches, and from late spring to midsummer, you’ll see their pollinator-friendly, honey-scented flowers, too. Lomatia myricoides, L. tinctoria (e) (m) Laurus nobilis (bay) (e) Coastal California, with its temperate climate and great beaches, is one of the most desirable places to live on the planet. Armeria maritima (sea thrift) Olearia × haastii (e)  Choisya (e) Great for a spot with well-drained soil in full sun. From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine. Hylotelephium spectabile AGM (syn. Enjoy beautiful deep-pink, nectar-rich flowers in spring and yellow foliage in autumn. Crocosmia Silene uniflora Arbutus unedo (e) Callistemon (e) Leycesteria formosa (n) suited to colder coastal areas in the north Olearia traversii - this is one of the best hedge shrubs for really exposed gardens near the sea. Mulching with shingle, flint, grit or gravel will provide sharp drainage while conserving moisture at the roots and aid the cultivation of an even wider range of plants. Cistus including C. creticus, C. × cyprius AGM, C. dansereaui 'Decumbens' AGM (e) all Spiraea Eryngium variifolium. Prunus cerasifera 'Nigra' AGM  This evergreen enjoys full sun and poor, well-drained soil. Aster novi-belgii)  Allium Carpinus betulus AGM (hornbeam) (n) Olearia × haastii, O. ilicifolia, O. macrodonta AGM,  O. phlogopappa 'Comber's Blue', O. traversii (e) all Passiflora caerulea AGM Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. Sedum telephium) Order by 21 December for pre-Christmas delivery. Cynara Limonium platyphyllum These plants are salt-tolerant and usually wind-tolerant. Crataegus laevigata (hawthorn) Rubus 'Benenden' AGM, R. lineatus, R. spectabilis 'Olympic Double' Muehlenbeckia complexa Watsonia (m), Achillea Expert photographers will capture pictures you’ll treasure forever, Subscribe to BBC Gardeners' World Magazine and receive 12 issues for only £39.99 - saving 39%. Beachfront plants need to be extremely salt-tolerant while plants in sheltered areas need to be at least moderately tolerant. Jasminum beesianum, J. officinale 'Argenteovariegatum' AGM (v) Betula pendula Abelia grandiflora Kaleidoscope evergreen dwarf shrub with yellow & green variegated foliage deepening to orange & red in autumn. Salvia greggii (autumn sage) (e), S. × jamensis (e), S. microphylla (e) Hippophae rhamnoides AGM (sea buckthorn) (n) Crataegus (hawthorn) including C. persimilis 'Prunifolia' AGM (n) It is best to develop a wind-filtering screen of trees or shrubs, but polypropylene webbing or woven hurdles of willow or hazel are alternatives. Against a backdrop of the sea, coastal gardens are stunning. Clematis montana Very vigorous deciduous petiole climber with pink or white flowers in May, in several types the flowers are scented and in pink-flowered varieties the leaves are flushed red. Alnus glutinosa (common alder) (n) Ceratostigma willmottianum [Forest Blue] = 'Lice' AGM It is grown for its loose clumps of shiny leaves that develop a rich orange and red coloration throughout summer, making it especially striking in winter. Providing windbreaks in the form of hedges or netting will widen the range of plants that can be grown. Hemerocallis Brachyglottis compacta ‘Sunshine’ Brachyglottis are tough evergreen shrubs with ovate hairy grey … Jacobaea maritima (Senecio cineraria) Jovellana violacea AGM Discover some of the best plants suited to growing by the coast, below. Campsis radicans P. pinaster (maritime pine), P. pinea AGM (stone pine), P. thunbergii (Japanese black pine), Lavandula (e) Ribes speciosum AGM (fuchsia-flowered currant) Grow them in moist, well-drained soil in full sun. Trevena Cross is a unique garden centre growing more than 90% of the plants it sells, on site in West Cornwall. Erigeron Parthenocissus quinquefolia AGM (Virginia creeper) Exposed borders have to withstand a revolving cycle of drying winds and scorching sunlight in the summer, followed by freezing gales, snow and ice in the winter. Laburnum It is not advisable to use solid structures such as walls or fences, as these can create turbulence and add to the problems. Perovskia atriplicifolia AGM macrantha (e) all Trachelospermum jasminoides AGM (e) lineamaculatum 'Ken Aslet' AGM, Alchemilla conjuncta, A. erythropoda AGM The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Very quick to cover any wall, fence or climb up a tree, it is also grows well near the sea. Tropaeolum tuberosum var. Dianthus Plants in coastal gardens often face their own set of challenges. Erigeron aureus 'Canary Bird' AGM, E. karvinskianus AGM Teucrium fruticans (e), T × lucidrys (e) By Tony Baker. Coastal gardens can be very unwelcoming to hedge plants. Celastrus orbiculatus All of these circumstances are potentially detrimental to many plants. Corokia cotoneaster (e) , C. virgata cultivars (e) Leptospermum 'Silver Sheen' AGM (e), L. scoparium 'Red Damask' AGM (e) Crocus (some) *Minimum spend £20. If your garden is particularly exposed, there’s a good range of robust trees and shrubs that can be planted to serve as a windbreak for the rest of the garden, opening up your planting opportunities. Salix exigua AGM, S. fargesii AGM, S. lanata AGM Castanea sativa Asplenium scolopendrium (Hart's tongue fern) Cytisus × kewensis AGM, C. nigricans 'Cyni' AGM, C. × praecox AGM, C. scoparius Elaeagnus × ebbingei (n) Start Slideshow 1 of 10 Dichroa febrifugia (m) Parahebe Baccharis patagonica (n) White & pink flowers in summer If you’re after a windbreak, this evergreen can be grown as a dense hedge to block out winds, or can be grown as an attractive tree. Salix alba (n), S. caprea (n) Phormium tenax (e) Genista aetnensis AGM While many consider red valerian a bit of a nuisance, it’s a brilliant plant for wildlife that thrives in coastal locations. Catananche caerulea RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. It has a propensity to self-seed, but when grown in a loose soil the seedlings are easy to pull up. The leaves are silvery and shiny. These perennials resist deer and tolerate wind and salt spray, making them ideal for exposed coastal gardens. Pinus sylvestris AGM (Scots pine) For a larger range of suitable plants see RHS Find a Plant. alpina AGM, E. lusitanica AGM (e), E. × veitchii 'Exeter' AGM (e) all Agapanthus On top of this, the clustered white flowers have a heavenly scent similar to orange blossom. Pinus mugo (dwarf mountain pine) (n), P. nigra (European black pine) (n), Trees for coastal areas. Pittosporum tenuifolium (e), P. tobira AGM (e) Griselinia littoralis AGM (e) times, RHS Registered Charity no. Award-Winning re-usable, organic beeswax and cotton wraps make an ideal gift anyone... Out more quickly some however ( like the ones listed below ) will take everything their... Starry shades-of-pink flowers are a great additions to wildlife-friendly coastal gardens a range of shades from and. To establish plants successfully in exposed situations it is essential to form a windbreak or shelter belt against the coastal. Agm Allium Anthemis punctata subsp top of this, the clustered white flowers have a protective covering hairs! ( e ) all Fuchsia magellanica AGM, F. magellanica var sheltered areas need to at. Varieties in this genus that make great evergreen shrubs for really exposed gardens near sea... Beautiful place tough perennial that can bend without breaking in winds autumn, all. 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