This reconstruction included removing the after 6 inch mount and 3 inch mounts, installing two Seacat missile GWS 22 mounts,[2] and building a flight deck and hangar to operate four Westland Wessex (later Westland Sea King HAS 2) helicopters. "[25] In October 1966, the ship was visiting Cardiff at the time of the Aberfan disaster. The Minotaur design had a broader 64 ft beam from HMS Superb on to accommodate the larger turrets. The limited life achieved by the postwar USN, "Unit cost, i.e. British Cruisers Two World Wars and After. Sea King a/s helicopters would have more sensibly operated from the Commando Carriers as extra squadrons or from specialised conversions of more light fleet carriers to antisubmarine carriers. THE FIRST OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE NAVY'S LATEST CRUISER HMS... A … The mid-ship mounted two twin mount 3 in guns intended to me maintained for close air defence and GFS were finally also removed, when it was decided to replace the Westland Wessex helicopters with the much larger Westland Sea King, 3 of which could barely be accommodated in a further enlarged hangar,[12] which intruded too far into the 3-inch mounts arc of fire and the guns were replaced with two much lighter quad Seacat missile launchers. Seaforth (2010)UK. The gun may have been taken out of HMS Tiger during her 1950s refit. However, their construction priority was considered low as British naval warfare at the time centred a lot around anti-submarine warfare - a role which ships of this class weren’t intended to fill. An embarked Tiger fires a.50 caliber machine gun aboard the Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Lake Erie (CG 70) during a Tiger Cruise. Both Churchill and Macmillan wanted only small carriers with a/s aircraft and Vixen interceptors with no strike capability. In 1951 the Government decided to complete the ship, and two others, to an altered design with all-new armament as opposed to new construction of cruisers; with the revised design, HMS Tiger, became the lead ship of this cruiser class. The first UK sourced accurately machined and reliable 275M directors were fitted in 1956,in Royalist and Type 12 frigates, 14 yrs after the US Mk 37 DCT was introduced. The Standard of Power. On 10 August 1966 one of the guns accidentally fired a practice shell into Devonport Dockyard during material tests of the equipment. HMS Tiger was a conventional cruiser of the British Royal Navy, one of a three ship class known as the Tiger class. Originally built during the Cylon War, the Tiger Class Destroyer is the most produced colonial warship in history; serving within the Colonial Fleet for nearly fifty years. [4] Work on Tiger was suspended in 1946, and she was laid up at Dalmuir. In October 1914, the ship was to be given 13 Pattern 1582 Electric Radiators to warm cabins whose stoves could not be used for heating them. The Crown Colony- and Town class cruisers with their more reliable guns, suitable for plugging away in fire support, might have been adequate to counter the Sverdlov, if lacking the speed and power really needed in Arctic waters. Warship 2010. More modern sensor equipment and command and control facilities were also added, that would enable them to perform as a flagship for task groups, but from the point of adding to RN antisubmarine capability it was immensely unsuccessful as maintenance and operation of the Sea Kings was difficult from ill-suited cramped cruisers. Completely unsuitable for anti submarine helicopter operations and servicing with their cramped low hangars, the cut-back in operating funds and manpower that the Royal Navy faced in when the New Conservative Government limited fuel and operating allowances in a policy of tight monetary control and belief in the economy of Nimrod aircraft and submarines for a/s quickened their demise. These vessels had a low construction priority due to more pressing requirements for other ship types during World War II, particularly anti-submarine craft. [8] However Tigers 6-inch guns, usually jammed after 30 seconds firing,[9] and didn't offer sustained bombardment support; RN argued that the first 30 seconds of engaging jet aircraft and warships was the critical determinant and aircraft would be shot down with short bursts of fire. After WW2, the decision was made to complete the ships’ construction, but to a different design. The Tiger's appeared newer, but largely complete within a tight citidel,were impossible to really modernise and were corroding fast, particularly, HMS Lion. After spending seven years in reserve, the decision was made in 1973 to strip Lion for spares to maintain Blake and Tiger, and Lion was sold for scrap in 1975. During conversion they had lost their much loved sleek cruiser lines and their new appearance was criticised for being an ungainly and inelegant 'push me-pull me' design, and both vessels were soon nicknamed 'Ugly Ducklings'. Type 176 passive search, which shared the same dome as the Type 174. a Type 278 height-finding radar halfway up the mainmast. This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 00:40. SHE IS THE FIRST OF HER CLASS TO BE ACCEPTED INTO SERVICE AND IS THE FIRST WARSHIP TO BE FITTED WITH FULLY AUTOMATIC SIX AND THREE INCH GUNS AND THEIR ASSOCIATE … [10] The Tigers were obsolete with large crews and no missiles, and by early 1959 had already cost 35 million pounds. 1970-aug-29 C20 HMS Tiger present (in refit) at Plymouth Navy Days 1970. She was christened by Lady Stansgate, the wife of William Benn, Viscount Stansgate, the Secretary of State for Air. SuperMac., p292, Note the cf rising cost of RN ship reconstruction, nb, Refitting the Tigers in the 1980s would have been difficult,dangerous and expensive work to get them remotely seaworthy if hardly operational, too late for the Falklands and unlikely to have been operable for more than a year or two. Centaur and Bulwark could have been so converted. All Topics | Latest Posts. With the three “new” cruisers entering the fleet, the Royal Navy decommissioned their half-sister, Swiftsure and Superb, and both were scrapped by 1962. Work on Tiger was suspended in 1946, and she was laid up at Dalmuir. It was fitted sometime after the war started but prior to May, 1915. Written by D-Mitch HMS Blake as a helicopter cruiser Laid down in 1941-42, the three cruisers of the Tiger class were originally to have been sister ships to Superb, an improved variant of the Swiftsure class cruisers (also known as the Minotaur class), a modified version of the Crown Colony class cruisers, but their construction was slowed down. The survey determined both ships to be in very good condition and were dry-docked (Blake at Chatham, and Tiger at Portsmouth) and round the clock reactivation work immediately begun. The conversion of HMS Devonshire proposed for Egypt in 1978 would have had both a deck hangar and below deck hangar in the area of the former Seaslug missile chain and might have produced an anti submarine helicopter cruiser, which was good enough to be counter productive to the case for the Invincible. The Fiji's Turn Full Circle. [Note 1] By 1979 the last of them had been withdrawn from service. "[8] They were described in Parliament as " effective ships for a long period to come, and especially is this true east of Suez, where distances are so gigantic. five MRS 3 fire control directors (one for each turret), each fitted with a Type 903 gunnery radar. Originally scheduled as units of the 'Nlinotaur' class—of which Superb, Swiftsure and Minotaur (later HMCS Ontario) Were completed in 1944-45—the 'Tigers' Were laid up … However the hulls were too old, in physical age, damage and mileage and Swiftsures refit was cancelled after much of the conversion work was completed (new superstructures and masts were fitted, but not her new weaponry), in 1959 at the time it was decided to sell Ceylon and Newfoundland which had been updated, close to the same level as the equipment actually installed in Belfast and Swiftsure, while Superb's never started. [4] The RN believed that would give the Tigers a capability little beyond their planned 1946 fit, and much of the original DC circuits the MK 24 turrets and early Daring Mk 6 turrets used had been removed from the Tigers in 1948, there was a strong desire the new cruisers have AC power not DC or dual.[5]. 3. Followers 0. 4. Posts about Tiger class cruiser written by laststandonzombieisland. There were also doubts about the two ships' self-defence capabilities, (the 6-inch and 3-inch armament had never been reliable) and this coupled with the large complement (and potential loss of life if one of the cruisers was to be lost), caused much anxiety in the Admiralty. [27], Tiger was placed in reserve on 18 December 1966,[29] before undergoing conversion to a "helicopter and command cruiser" from 1968–72 in HMNB Devonport. Due to the priority of the Royal Air Force atomic defence and the Cold War, and the conflict between the prime minister and Admiralty Naval Staff over shipbuilding issues, the warships approved in 1951-1953 were, anti-submarine frigates, destroyers, and minehunters. She remained in service as such until placed in reserve in 1978 and was discarded in 1986. Conversion of two or three County class GMD's as anti submarine helicopter cruisers would have provided a quiet effective anti submarine vessel, as Chile did with 2 of its second hand County Class. 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